Posted: March 30th, 2022
How a Bill Becomes a Law
In Chapter 17, we learned that after a member of the Congress proposes a bill, it is gazetted and then passed through the three stages of reading before being becoming a Law. The time required for a bill to pass through these stages varies depending on whether it is controversial or complex. In the first reading, the bill is introduced to the Congress, which signals that the legislative process has started. At this stage, there nothing much is done; the bill is just read out to the members. No debate happens at this stage. Then, the bill is set for the next stage as the second reading.
Immediately after the first reading, the legislator in charge of the bill proposes a motion for the second reading of the bill. At this time, he/she gives a speech explaining the benefits of the proposed legislation. After this motion, the House adjourns the debate on the issue and refers the bill to the Congressional Committee for scrutiny. Then, if the bill is complex or controversial, the Congressional Committee will look at all the pros, cons and principles of the provisions of the bill. The Committee may consider possible amendments related to the bill. After all these considerations, the Committee reports the bill back to the Congress. After consultations, the Committee and the Legislators in charge of the bill then resume debate on the bill. Other legislators are also allowed give their views on the bill, indicating if they support it or not.
The next stage is the Committee stage. After the second reading, the members vote either for or against the bill. A negative vote means the bill may not proceed to the next stage. However, a positivated vote implies the Committee may meet again and examine the provisions of the bill clause by clause. The proposers and other Legislators may move their amendments to the bill. After passing the Committee stage, with or without amendments, the proponents of the bill move a motion that the bill is read a third time. During the third reading, members are allowed to give their views on the contents of the bill. Then, if they support it, the bill is passed and proceeds to the final stage, which is the presidential assent. However, if the majority views are negative, no further proceedings shall take place.
The final stage is the presidential stage. The presidential assent is required for any bill to become a Law. At this point, the President gives consent to the proposed bill to become a Law. In most cases, the President never rejects or refuses the proposed bill though he/she holds power to do so. From here, the bill becomes an act of parliament then a Law.
Different Types of “Power” Nurses Bring to the Table Regarding Policy
Nurses bring to the policy table different types of power. Abood (2007) has discussed the different types of power in his article. The three major types of power discussed include legitimate power, informational power and coercive power (Abood, 2007). The first power that nurses bring to the policy process is legitimate power because the nursing profession holds a higher position that controls people in other organizations (Kearney-Nunnery, 2015). However, nurses must understand that this power is given to them courtesy of their profession so they should not abuse it.
Nurses present to the policy table informational power because they possess the wanted or needed information. Having control over information that others want and need puts nurses in a powerful position at the policy table. Being aware of the pros and cons of nursing legislations, having confidential reports about the nursing field and knowing what nurses want to achieve are all examples of informational power (Kearney-Nunnery, 2015). In today’s world, information is specifically a potent type of power. This power accrues not from the information itself but rather having access to the information and being in a position to withhold, share or distort it. With this form of power, nurses can use it during the policy process to help the field or a bargaining weapon.
The final power that nurses bring to the policy table is reward power. We have seen various occasions where nurses have used force or threats to achieve their policy goals. However, this type of power is normally discouraged because it does not earn them respect (Abood, 2007). Worse still, coercive power is seen as bullying in the policy process, and nurses cannot earn any credibility with this type of power.
Proposed Legislation in Nursing
The Congress has worked to propose various legislation since President Donald Trump took office this year. Most of them are major and likely to affect the field of nursing significantly. They include the newly proposed health-reform bill for the American Health Care Act (AHCRA n.p.). HR-114H2653 bill intends to phase out the Medicaid expansion and eliminate subsidies for low-earning Americans. It will replace the latter with a flat tax credit based on age. This system would imply that most Americans would be left without coverage. H.R.959 bill, which is currently as the subcommittee of health, was introduced to curb the problem of nursing shortage. The bill seeks to use Title VIII nursing programs and federal funding to help states like Hawaii guarantee quality health by ensuring that RNs are employed when needed (H.R.959 n.p.). Although the implementation could be costly, there is nothing precious than a healthy nation.
Abood, S. (2007). “Influencing Health Care in the Legislative Arena.” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. 12 No. 1, Manuscript 2.DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol12No01Man02
AHCRA – Final Bill Text 115th. https://rsc-walker.house.gov/files/Initiatives/AHCRA%20-%20Final%20Bill%20Text%20115th.pdf
H.R.959 – Title VIII Nursing Workforce Reauthorization Act of 2017. From https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/959?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22title+VIII+nursing+workforce%22%5D%7D&r=1
Kearney-Nunnery, R. (2015). Advancing Your Career Concepts in Professional Nursing. F.A. Davis
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
Place an order in 3 easy steps. Takes less than 5 mins.