Posted: May 24th, 2022

Lowering the Drinking Age from 18 years to 21 years

Lowering the Drinking Age from 18 years to 21 years

.Excessive blood stress, coronary heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive issues have been linked to excessive alcohol consumption. Breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum cancers are all familiar. Alcohol disrupts the mind’s communication channels and may alter how the brain appears and functions. These interruptions might change one’s mood and behavior, making it more difficult to think correctly and move in a coordinated manner. This article will show why the drinking age should be lowered from 18 to 21.

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Children experience significant physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes as children progress from childhood to young adulthood. The typical elements related to alcohol consumption among teenagers are developmental shifts such as puberty and increased independence. Continuous alcohol consumption will have disastrous health implications, affecting the entire bodies of young teenagers and causing a slew of health issues. It may, for example, cause liver disease, including cirrhosis, as well as brain damage, heart failure, diabetes, most malignancies, and infections; this slew of issues will make it nearly hard for this young group to achieve their life goals (Heffernan et al., 2010).

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, females should have three liquids on any given day and no more than seven liquids in a week. For their male counterparts, it’s no more than four drinks per day and no more than 14 drinks per week. Regulations like these make it impossible for Generation Z to embrace alcoholism completely.

According to a study, many young people are starting to drink substantially more frequently than before. For example, in 2003, the average age of first alcohol use was reviewed and agreed to be around 15 years (this was to suggest that teenagers aged fifteen years and above were at liberty to take alcohol, which is ironic, given the traumatic events caused by alcohol in their lives), compared to around 16 half in the late 1960s (Cornelius et al., 1993). Individuals who began drinking before the age of 15 were significantly more likely to meet the criteria for alcohol dependency at some time in their lives. New research suggests that excessive consuming problems (such as alcoholism) appear far earlier than middle age, possibly as early as adolescence or childhood.

Various studies have shown that when generation Z begins to drink, they are significantly more prone to participate in activities that harm themselves and others. For example, typical binge drinkers (nearly 2 million excessive college students nationwide) are more likely to engage in volatile behaviors such as the use of other tablets, such as marijuana and cocaine, having intercourse with five or more partners, and receiving grades in their respective faculties that are almost always very poor.

When a rational person comes across a teenager engrossed in drinking, the first thing that comes to mind is, “Why do some children drink?” Children experience significant physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes from adolescence to young adulthood. Alcohol usage is intimately linked to developmental stages, such as puberty and developing independence. As a result, being a teenager might pose a significant risk for starting to drink and drink in a risky manner.

Many youngsters place their lives in the hands of the lowest bidder to satisfy their alcoholic cravings. According to studies, the mind continues to develop normally into adolescence, during which time it establishes crucial communication connections and refines its function. Scientists believe that this extended maturation time can also help explain some of the expected behaviors in early life, such as children’s propensity to seek out new and potentially dangerous circumstances. Some teenagers’ thrill-seeking may include experimenting with alcohol. Developmental changes may also be a physiological explanation for why teenagers act so rashly, often without realizing that their actions, such as ingesting alcohol, have consequences.

Teenagers’ sensitivity and tolerance to alcohol differ; differences in the individual’s mind and the mind of the evolving adolescent may also help to explain why many younger drinkers can consume far more alcohol than adults. This exceptional tolerance may assist in explaining the high rates of binge drinking among young adults before they experience the adverse effects of drinking, such as tiredness, lack of coordination, and withdrawal/hangover symptoms (Cornelius et al., 1993). At the same time, children appear to be particularly sensitive to the good impacts of alcohol use, such as feeling more at ease in social circumstances, and young people may drink more than adults due to those high-quality social encounters.

Unique features and mental comorbidity are standard among young people who start drinking at a young age (before 13). They commonly have personality qualities that make them more inclined to start drinking. The study also discovered that young people who start drinking at a young age grow to be disruptive, hyperactive, and competitive; this is sometimes referred to as having conduct problems or being delinquent. Furthermore, sad, withdrawn, or anxious persons are at a higher risk of developing an alcohol problem. Different types of behavior problems linked to alcohol use include rebelliousness, difficulties preventing damage or dangerous situations, and a variety of other characteristics seen in young people who act out without regard for the rules or the feelings of others.

Fitness risks must also be considered to lower the drinking age from 18 to 21 years; anything that encourages kids to begin drinking after starting exposes them to potential health risks. Although serious health problems associated with hazardous alcohol consumption are not as widespread in children as in adults, evidence suggests that young people who drink frequently put themselves at risk for various potential health complications. Result of the brain Scientists are looking at how alcohol affects the developing brain, with teens being the age group with the most growing brain cells and participating in learning activities that require the brain to be hyperactive. Even still, it’s a complicated project (Heffernan et al., 2010). Subtle changes in the brain can be challenging, yet they significantly impact long-term questioning and memory abilities. When you include the fact that adolescent brains are still evolving, researching alcohol’s effects becomes considerably more challenging (Cornelius et al., 1993). According to research, animals administered alcohol during this critical embryonic stage are more likely to acquire long-term alcohol impairment as they age, just like humans. It is now apparent that alcohol will have a long-term impact on persons’ memory and learning abilities who began drinking heavily as teenagers.

Endocrine effects in both women and men who consume alcohol during their adolescent years and puberty are long linked to significant hormonal changes, including increases in the two important sex hormones, estrogen, and testosterone; these hormones, in turn, increase the production of other hormones and boom ( exponential growth and development factors, which are critical for average organ improvement. Consuming alcohol throughout this period of rapid growth and advancement might also destabilize the essential hormonal balance required for the daily progress of organs, muscle groups, and bones in this individual, who, according to the study, has not yet reached full development. In addition, animal studies show that drinking alcohol during puberty negatively impacts reproductive system maturation, which can be directly associated with a comparable effect on humans.

Young people are more vulnerable to the effects of drinking than adults. As a result, numerous factors should be considered in order to minimize, if not eliminate, their alcohol usage. Because the brain continues to develop during this period of life, drinking alcohol while a teenager can significantly raise the risk of brain damage. It could also lead to alcohol problems later in life (Heffernan et al., 2010). Hangovers, which have been established to make them forsake their responsibilities, primarily indulging in frequent absenteeism and infrequent attendance to their classes, are expected outcomes of alcohol intake among youths who resort to drinking. Also, Generation Z’s nausea and vomiting after consuming alcohol have been reported to occur frequently, particularly in places where they are invited to parties and clubs. Some people end up experiencing near-death symptoms shakiness due to their inability to fully control themselves throughout their drinking experiences maturely, thus becoming overwhelmed by these side effects and increasing the risk of short- and long-term fitness issues with alcohol consumption. Drinking alcohol among these persons is also linked to the development of various unstable behaviors, the risk of alcohol-related damage (including death), and vehicle injuries, both due to drinking, driving, or boarding vehicles while inebriated, are leading causes of death among young adults (Heffernan et al., 2010). Teenagers between 15 to 23 years old accounted for 15% of all drivers killed on Victorian roads in early 2019. Seventy-three percent were concerned about car accidents in high-alcohol situations (times of the day or week where fatal crashes are upto fifteen times much more likely to contain alcohol).

Alcohol and risky sexual activity Alcohol inhibits decision-making. Assume that a person is so impaired by drink or other drugs that they cannot freely provide permission. In such instances, it is a sexual offense; after ingesting alcohol, young people are considerably more prone to engage in dangerous sexual behaviors (such as having sexual intercourse without a condom) (Hughes et al., 2015). Dangers of risky intercourse include exposure to sexually transmissible illnesses and the possibility of becoming pregnant. Alcohol can also affect mental development. Alcohol consumption has been shown to impact the development of the mind in people under twenty-three. Young people under the age of 18 are primarily at risk. Teenage brains are still developing, and the frontal lobe and hippocampus are the parts of the brain that undergo the most significant changes during the adolescent years. Motivation, impulse control, and reliance are all linked to these areas.

Alcohol is a neurotoxin, meaning it has the potential to injure the brain. Excessive alcohol use interferes with vitamin B absorption, making it difficult for the mind to function correctly, especially in teenagers (Lam et al., 2017). Long-term consumption above the recommended levels can lead to various illnesses known as alcohol-related brain damage. Learning and recollection impairments and difficulty with stability are possible symptoms (Lavikainen et al., 2009). Schoolies week and alcohol, the celebration of the end of high school (schoolies week), is frequently linked to episodes of very high levels of single-consultation consuming or intentionally consuming to intoxication; according to an Australian study of school leavers, over 89 percent stated drinking alcohol ingesting on average nine available drinks within the previous 10 hours. combining alcohol with other medications

The use of other medications may be linked to the consumption of volatile alcohol. Taking alcohol with other substances that still depress the primary nervous system (such as heroin and benzodiazepines) can be especially dangerous (Lavikainen et al., 2009); it can cause someone’s respiration and coronary heart rate to drop to unsafe levels, increasing the risk of overdose. Combining alcohol and drugs (including cannabis) can lead to increased risk-taking. Teenagers who use or participate in other activities while under the influence are in danger of harming themselves and others.

Parents and caregivers cannot prevent these young people from experimenting with alcohol by teaching appropriate alcohol consumption and eventual withdrawal. They can, however, stimulate sensible spending habits. As a result, you should make every effort to ensure that (Wilks et al., 1987). Being in a good position and version and training them adequately to disengage from alcohol consumption from an early age are some of the strategies to help these very young teenagers quit drinking. It also teaches students that stress may be managed healthily without the use of alcohol and the dangers of heavy and binge drinking (consisting of vomiting, head spins, passing out, and hangovers).

Teaching these kids about the links between drinking and risky behavior such as the increased risk of accidents and injury and how alcohol affects one’s ability to make decisions and educating them on sensible strategies like saying no, sticking to the same drink recommendations, pacing themselves, alternating alcoholic liquids with non-alcoholic drinks, and not drinking on an empty stomach, and speaking about the dangers of drink-driving Plan a few options (such as taking public transportation, hiring a driver, or calling home), urge your kid to talk to their friends about the hazards of alcohol and teach you how to spot various college issues, such as increased absence and poor or failing grades (Lavikainen et al., 2009). Fighting and a lack of participation in adolescent sports are two social issues. Legal issues include being arrested for driving while intoxicated or injuring another person while drunk. Hangovers and illnesses are examples of bodily tissues.

In conclusion, alcohol intake should be carefully limited to highly mature adults above the age of twenty-one years due to the devastating impact on the lives of individuals in their early years.


Wilks, J. (1987). Drinking among teenagers in Australia: research findings, problems, and prospects.Australian Drug and Alcohol Review,6(3), 207-226.

Lam, T., Lenton, S., Ogeil, R., Burns, L., Aiken, A., Chikritzhs, T., … & Allsop, S. (2017). Most recent risky drinking session with Australian teenagers.Australian and New Zealand journal of public health,41(1), 105-110.

Hughes, K., Bellis, M. A., Hardcastle, K. A., McHale, P., Bennett, A., Ireland, R., & Pike, K. (2015). Associations between e-cigarette access and smoking and drinking behaviors in teenagers.BMC public health,15(1), 1-9.

Cornelius, M. D., Day, N. L., Cornelius, J. R., Geva, D., Taylor, P. M., & Richardson, G. A. (1993). Drinking patterns and correlates of drinking among pregnant teenagers.Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research,17(2), 290-294.

Lavikainen, H. M., Lintonen, T., & Kosunen, E. (2009). Sexual behavior and drinking style among teenagers: a population-based study in Finland.Health promotion international,24(2), 108-119.

Heffernan, T., Clark, R., Bartholomew, J., Ling, J., & Stephens, S. (2010). Does binge drinking in teenagers affect their everyday prospective memory?.Drug and alcohol dependence,109(1-3), 73-78.




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