Posted: March 12th, 2022
A significant determinant of success in implementing social policies is how public sector funds are mobilized, allocated, and utilized (Savedoff, 2008). Examining the allocation and utilization of public funds and their management enables government, development partners, civil society, and other stakeholders to assess the overall outcomes of the financing and the alignment of funding to set policies, the effectiveness of the budget planning, and execution.
Public expenditures reviews (PER) are critical diagnostic tools used to evaluate public finances’ effectiveness in delivering results and improving overall performance in the various public sectors. PERs are key inputs in the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) budget cycle processes. They influence funding and budget decisions in future annual MTEF budget formulation processes. PERs essentially allow for analysis of government-wide expenditures or take a sector-specific approach such as in health or education. Various countries have undertaken institutional reforms to incorporate the PER processes as part of their budget planning cycle; however, the practical implementation by governments has been a significant gap, specifically in decentralized settings in Kenya. Among the main gaps highlighted in the performance of PERs within the budget and planning cycle include capacity-related issues and the lack of enforcement of public financial management regulation in-country. PERs help identifies challenges and weaknesses around allocation, expenditures, and financing flow that assist in developing more effective and transparent budgeting processes.
Conversely, Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) is a diagnostic tool used to assess the flow of funds from the national and the county treasuries to service delivery points/Facilities. The PETS approach is used to identify and quantify the leakage of funds. In addition, it has been used as an analytical tool that identifies underlying causes of problems that inform policy formulation. Additionally, the findings/evidence of the PETS is used to support and improve transparency and accountability around citizen engagement. Against this background, DSW undertaking Public Expenditure Tracking (PET) will be conducted in Nakuru and Meru counties.
The Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) examines flows of resources (financial and commodities) to decentralized levels and providers. The study requires the consultant(s) to conduct a PETS on the Family Planning subsector in the counties of Meru and Nakuru in Kenya.
The specific study objectives were:
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